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Kidney Disease
                                                                          — A Guide for Patients









        CHAPTER 1                                                                                   THE






               he urinary system is one of the body’s systems which helps us to dispose
              of the waste products naturally produced within the body. The main
        Tstructures, in this system are:

        Two kidneys – which lie behind the other major organs in the lower back area. They
        are bean-shaped organs and measure about 11cm long, 6cm wide and 3cm deep. They
        have 5 main functions, which will be discussed at a later stage.
        Two ureters – (tube-like features) which run from the kidneys to the bladder carrying
        urine.
        One bladder – which collects urine from the kidneys, via the ureters, and stores it         URINARY SYSTEM
        temporarily.

        One urethra – through which the urine is excreted out of the body, allowing the
        bladder to empty and dispose of the  waste.















































        Illustration by Des Hickey
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