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GLOSSARY

         TERM                             DEFINITION


         AKD – Acute kidney disease       A sudden loss of kidney function that is often reversible.
         ALSO CALLED
         AKI Acute kidney injury

         AVF – Arteriovenous fistula      Vascular access for dialysis; joining an artery and vein together.

         Anaemia                          A shortage of red blood cells in the blood. One of the functions of the
                                          kidneys includes EPO (erythropoietin) production. When the kidneys fail,
                                          EPO is not made leading to anaemia.


         ANCA – (Anti-neutrophil          A type of antibody that is associated with vasculitis conditions.
         cytoplasmic antibody)


         APD – Automated                  Also known as CCPD. This is a form of peritoneal dialysis which is carried
         peritoneal dialysis              out overnight.


         Arteries                         Blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body.


         Blood Tests                      A blood test that is used to measure many substances in the body
                                          to ensure they are within normal/safe range.


         Blood Pressure (B/P)             The pressure that the blood exerts against the walls of the arteries as
                                          it flows through them.


         CAPD – Continuous ambulatory Infusion of fluid into the peritoneum, prolonged dwell period
         peritoneal dialysis              and then drainage.

         Central Venous Catheter (CVC)    Also known as permcath. A catheter with two ports inserted into a major
                                          central vein for the purpose of haemodialysis.

         Creatinine                       A waste substance produced by the muscles when they are used.
                                          The higher the blood creatinine level, the greater the indication of
                                          kidney disease.


         Chronic kidney disease (CKD)     Slow onset of kidney disease which is irreversible.

         Dehydration                      Not sufficient water in the body to maintain normal function.

         Dialysis (HD)                    An artificial process, which removes chemical substances and water
                                          from the blood, by passing it through an artificial kidney.


         End Stage Kidney Disease         Advanced kidney disease.
         (ESKD)

         Erythropoietin (EPO)             Hormone involved in production of Red Blood Cells.

         Fluid Overload                   The body contains excess water. This occurs in kidney disease as one of the
                                          functions of the kidney is to remove excess fluid.





        P.38 Haemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis – A Guide for Patients
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