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Haemodialysis and

                                                                             Peritoneal Dialysis
                                                                              – A Guide for Patients


         TERM                             DEFINITION

         Graft                            A type of access for dialysis. A small plastic tube that connects an artery
                                          to a vein.

         Haematuria                       Blood in the urine.

         Hepatitis                        An infection of the liver. Can be passed on by blood contact.

         Kidneys                          Two bean-shaped body organs where urine is produced. Functions of the
                                          kidney include removal of toxic waste, removal of excess fluid, controls
                                          blood pressure helps to produce red blood cells and helps to keep bones
                                          strong and healthy.

         Nephron                          Small filtering unit in the kidney, made up of blood vessels and tubules.

         Oedema                           A build up of fluid causing swelling, especially ankles and the lungs.

         Oliguric                         Passing low levels of urine.

         PD Catheter                      Also known as tenchkoff. A tube that is inserted into the peritoneal cavity
                                          for the purpose of peritoneal dialysis. A small operation is required to
                                          insert the catheter into the abdomen.

         Peritoneum                       A natural membrane that lines the inside of the wall of the abdomen
                                          and that covers all the abdominal organs.

         Peritonitis                      Infection of the peritoneal cavity of patients who have a PD catheter insitu.
                                          Most episodes are easily treated with antibiotic medication.

         Potassium                        A mineral that is normally present in the blood. Too much or too little
                                          can cause complications.

         Semi-Permeable Membrane          A membrane which will not allow certain products to pass through.

         Steal Syndrome                   Condition where the blood supply to an area has been decreased/minimised.

         Subclavian Vein                  Large vein positioned behind the collar bone.

         Transplantation                  The replacement of an organ that is not working in the body with
                                          another donor organ.

         Tunnel Infection                 An infection that occurs when an exit site infection spreads into the
                                          tunnel of the catheter.

         Ultrafiltration (UF)             Removal of excess water from the blood during dialysis treatment.

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