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CHAPTER 1








                                   OVERVIEW OF



          KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION





                  hen you are diagnosed with kidney disease, also known
                  as End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD), there are a
        Wnumber of treatment options available -
        Haemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis and Transplantation.
           The Haemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis options are
        discussed in detail in Book 2 - Haemodialysis and           Haemodialysis                  Peritoneal
        Peritoneal Dialysis – A Guide for Patients.                                                  Dialysis
           Kidney transplantation, in many cases, is the best
        treatment option for long-term health, but there are a
        number of factors that must be considered as it is not
        without potential complications. This book will discuss
        these factors in detail.
           Most people, who are waiting to receive a kidney
        transplant, will be on dialysis - either haemodialysis or                      Kidney
        peritoneal dialysis. It is possible to receive a transplant before        Transplantation
        commencing on dialysis; however, it is rare due to the current
        waiting times for transplant organs.
           Transplanted kidneys do not last forever and you may need to return to dialysis or undergo a repeat
        kidney transplant if your kidney fails.
           A kidney transplant involves connecting the kidney artery and veins from the transplanted kidney to
        the recipient. The tube carrying urine, called the ureter, also needs to be connected to the recipient’s
        bladder. The transplanted kidney is generally placed in the lower abdomen on the right or  left.
           In general, the surgeons do not interfere with your own kidneys unless there are specific problems that
                                       need to be dealt with.


                                                       WHERE DO KIDNEYS TO TRANSPLANT COME FROM?


                                                                Deceased Donors



                                                        ● From people that have died suddenly




                                                                     Living Donors


                                                        ● From a living person, usually a relative




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