Page 52 - beaumont_book_3
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GLOSSARY

         Acute Rejection             A rejection episode that happens suddenly and usually responds to steroids.


         Anaesthetic                 A drug that provides unconsciousness for an operation.
         Anaesthetist                A doctor who specialises in giving anaesthetics.

         Antacid                     Medicine to correct the acidity of the stomach.
         Antibiotic                  Drug that fights infection by bacteria.

         Antibody                    Natural substances in the blood that attack microorganisms.
         Antifungal agent            Drug that fights fungal infection.

         Antigen                     A substance that provokes the formation of antibodies
                                     (e.g a protein from a micro-organism, or from a transplant organ).

         Antiviral agent             Drug that fights against infections by viruses.
         Azathioprine                A type of immunosuppressants.

         Bacteria                    A type of micro-organism, made of a single cell.
         Biopsy                      Removal of a small part of tissue to be examined under the microscope.

         Blood Groups                There are 4 major blood groups which need to match between a transplant
                                     recipient and the donor.
         Blood Tests                 To check the composition of the blood, for instance, oxygen, iron, or infection.

         CAPD                        Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (A form of kidney dialysis).
         Catheter                    Tube.

         Cell                        The tiny building blocks that living creatures are made of.
         Chronic                     A persistent or recurring condition.

         Chronic rejection           A long-term rejection episode unresponsive to steroids.
         CMV (Cytomegalovirus)       A type of virus that can case problems after transplantation.

         Corticosteroid              A type of steroid.
         Creatinine                  A waste product of the kidneys.

         Crossmatching               A method of ensuring good compatibility between transplant donor and recipient.
         Cyclosporin                 A type of immunosuppressant.

         Diabetes                    Excess glucose in the blood caused by lack of insulin.
         Dialysis                    A method of removing waste products from the blood if the kidney is
                                     not functioning.
         Dietician                   An expert in nutrition, who advises on your diet.

         Diuretic                    Drugs that increase urine production by the kidney.
         Donor                       The person whose organ is used in transplant.

         ECG                         A test which measures the electrical currents of the heart in order to check
                                     the function of your heart.
         Echocardiogram              An ultrasound test to check the function of your heart.









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