Page 20 - beaumont_book_5
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CARBOHYDRATES
                                                                  Carbs are the main source of the body’s energy.
                                                                It also gets energy through protein. The amount
                                                                of energy you need depends very much on your
                                                                individual circumstances – your age, gender,
                                                                weight and level of physical activity.
                                                                  Rich sources of carbohydrates include breads,
                                                                rice, pasta, noodles, cereals, fruit and starchy
                                                                vegetables.
                                                                  You should try to opt for wholegrain or
                                                                wholemeal varieties of carbohydrates and stay
                                                                away from very sugary carbs e.g. pastries, soft
                                                                drinks, sweets.




        PROTEIN
           Protein is an important building block for the
        body (for muscles, bones, tissue and skin) so you
        need to manage the amount of protein you take in
        rather than abolishing it altogether. How much
        protein you need depends on your body size and is
        individual to each person.
           You take in protein through eating meat, fish
        (particularly oily fish such as salmon, mackerel,
        trout and sardines), pulses (beans, peas, lentils etc)
        and other sources of protein (eggs, cheese etc). Be   FATS
        aware that you need to balance your protein needs        There are lots of different types of fats and not
        with the fact that some of these foods such as fish   all of them are considered bad for the body. Some
        and beans contain higher levels of potassium          fats have real health benefits, such as helping our
        (which can be detrimental to kidney health if taken   bodies to absorb vitamins A, D, E and K. Fats are a
        in excess).                                           source of energy and are essential building blocks
           If you reduce the amount of protein in your diet,  for the cells in your body.
        you will need to make sure that you consume              It is not just about the total amount of fat that
        enough energy through fat and carbohydrates. You      you eat but the kinds of fat that you have in your
        must avoid becoming malnourished by dieting too       diet. Fats can increase your cholesterol levels –
        much.                                                 there are a number of different cholesterols in the
           Research has been carried out to see if low        body but the two main types are HDL, referred to
        protein diets (less than in a normal diet) can help   as good cholesterol, and LDL, the bad type of
        delay the progression of kidney disease – this has    cholesterol.
        indicated that eating too much protein may cause         Saturated fats can raise bad (LDL) cholesterol
        more damage to your kidneys.                          levels, which can have an adverse effect on heart
           There is no guarantee that eating a low protein    health.
        diet will work but you may want to check with your       Saturated fats are often solid at room
        doctor if it is a good idea in your case. In some     temperature and are mostly found in dairy products
        patients with a low muscle mass, your doctor may      such as hard cheeses or butter and meat products
        not recommend it.                                     like sausages, burgers and fat on meat.






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