Page 36 - beaumont_book_5
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CHAPTER 8








                                                     GLOSSARY


         Albumin                     Type of protein. Albumin is a measure of the amount of protein reserves in
                                     the body which helps to maintain blood volume and blood pressure.
                                     A test for albumin in the blood is often used to determine if someone has
                                     malnutrition or inflammation related to kidney disease.
         Amino Acids                 Substances that make up protein and are vital for good health.

         Anaemia                     A shortage of red blood cells in the blood. One of the functions of the
                                     kidneys includes EPO (erythropoietin) production. When the kidneys fail,
                                     EPO is not made leading to anaemia.

         Artery                      Vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

         Blood Pressure (B/P)        Pressure that the blood exerts against the walls of the arteries as it
                                     flows through them.
         Cardiovascular              Diseases and conditions of the heart and blood vessels –
         Disease                     includes heart disease and stroke.

         Chronic Kidney              Progressive condition in which the kidneys are not functioning effectively.
         Disease                     Chronic kidney disease is irreversible but can be slowed.

         Complete Blood Count        Test that includes red blood cell count, white blood cell count,
         (CBC)                       haemoglobin level and platelet count, among others.

         Creatinine                  A waste substance produced by the muscles when they are used.
                                     The higher the blood creatinine level, the greater the indication
                                     of kidney disease.
         Dehydration                 Not enough water in the body, which can cause symptoms
                                     including faintness, lack of concentration and fatigue.

         Diabetes                    Metabolic disease that is caused by an absence or lack of insulin in the
                                     body. Creating excesses of glucose in the blood.

         Dialysis                    Artificial process which removes waste products and water from the blood
                                     by passing it through a filtration machine.

         Diuretic                    Medication that increases urine output from the body.
                                     Also known as ‘water tablets’ or ‘fluid tablets’.
         Erectile Dysfunction        Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection during sex.
         (ED)                        Some men with kidney problems may experience ED.

         Erythropoietin (EPO)        Hormone involved in the production of red blood cells.
                                     A lack of this hormone can cause anaemia.

         Enzymes                     Proteins that control metabolic processes and break down foreign
                                     substances in the body.


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